5 Best Unit Test Frameworks to Automate Unit Tests
Unit testing is the first phase of the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) process and is considered to be an important testing type because it is focused on testing the smallest pieces of code individually. In order to scale up the efficiency of unit testing, it can be automated. To achieve this, a secure, robust and reliable unit testing framework can be taken into consideration and through the application of which writing and running unit tests can be done easily and effectively.
In this article, you will get to know the five best unit testing frameworks to automate unit tests.
What is Unit testing?
It is a testing method where the smallest element of code known as a unit is tested. Validate each unit that is being tested in order to make sure that the software performs as expected. The functional correctness of standalone modules is focused on and worked upon. The objective is also to make sure that each unit performs as per the required expectations. Clear test code needs to be written by the developer so that a specific function can be tested against an expected outcome.
What is a Unit testing framework?
It is considered to be a software tool that supports both writing and running unit tests. Tests are built based on a specific foundation and the tests are executed based on the specific functionality and then the results are reported. They are not only tools that can be used for the purpose of testing, but, also are considered as development tools on par with debuggers and pre-processors.
Unit test frameworks can also be implemented for important aspects of software development such as code implementation and debugging, software architecture and design, performance optimization and quality assurance.
Following are the 5 best unit testing frameworks:
1. Embunit: It is an open-source unit testing framework that is designed for writing software applications using the C or C++ platform by testers and developers. Specifically, code need not be written, rather a list of actions is specified as tests. The corresponding source code for the tests is automatically generated.
3. NUnit: It is a unit testing framework written entirely in C# and belongs to the xUnit family. Smalltalk’s Sunit functionality and design are derived from several unit testing frameworks and are collectively known as xUnit. All the .NET languages are supported by this tool. Initially, it was ported from JUnit.
4. JUnit: It provides a test-driven development environment and is an open-source unit testing framework. “First testing then coding” is the core concept supported by JUnit. Java is the preferred language for JUnit. First, the data is tested and then inserted into the piece of code. In order to write code easily and swiftly, the simplest approach is provided. Annotation is also offered for test method identification.
5. TestNG: It is specifically designed for Java Programming language and is an open-source automation testing framework. Both NUnit and JUnit are resembled by TestNG, but, some new functionality is offered to make them both easier to use and powerful. TestNG supports annotation and concurrent testing as well. It has an execution model that is robust and comes with flexible test configuration capabilities.
Conclusion: If you are looking forward to implementing unit testing for your specific project, then do get connected with a premium software testing services company UK that will provide professional consultation and support in developing a crystal-clear testing strategy.
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